Energy Department Resumes Loan Program with Hydrogen Storage

To use a term familiar to President Joe Biden, the loan office of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) ‘is back.’

“The Energy Department granted its first clean energy loan guarantee out of its Loan Programs Office since 2014, the department announced Wednesday,” wrote POLITICO energy reporter Matthew Choi on June 9. “The $504.4 million loan guarantee will go toward the Advanced Clean Energy Storage project in Utah, set to be the world’s largest clean hydrogen storage facility.”

The office, led by Jigar Shah, has been the target of Republican criticism ever since solar firm Solyndra received over $500 million in DOE loans only to go bankrupt in 2011. The office was largely quiet during the Trump administration, but Shah told reporters that Wednesday’s “announcement shows we’re back in a big way.”

Solyndra’s bankruptcy was noted in a 2013 post about the departure of Nobel laureate Steven Chu as President Barack Obama’s first secretary of energy:

But Chu will also be remembered for “the 2011 collapse of the solar panel manufacturer Solyndra, which received a half-billion-dollar federal loan in 2009, [and] prompted GOP-led Capitol Hill hearings and an avalanche of election-season attacks.”

Clean energy + storage

“Accelerating the commercial deployment of clean hydrogen as a zero-emission, long-term energy storage solution is the first step in harnessing its potential to decarbonize our economy, create good paying clean energy jobs and enable more renewables to be added to the grid.” said U.S. Secretary of Energy Jennifer M. Granholm in the June 9 department press release, the source article for this post.

To meet President Biden’s goals to achieve a clean grid by 2035 and reach net zero emissions economy wide by 2050, long duration energy storage technologies — including hydrogen — will play a critical role. Clean energy from hydrogen can be produced using renewables, such as solar and wind, before being stored for later use for power generation or as a dispatchable fuel or feedstock to decarbonize the industrial and transportation sectors. 

Clean hydrogen, often referred to as green hydrogen, uses electrolysis, with the power generated from renewable sources, to separate hydrogen from water. Almost all hydrogen today is made from natural gas using a process known as steam methane reformation or from the gasification of coal.

Boon for Utah

“I’m pleased to see DOE support Utah’s efforts to become a world leader in hydrogen,” said U.S. Senator Mitt Romney (R-Utah) in the DOE press release.

“This is not only a win for Millard County and Utah, but it is also an important step toward developing new energy technologies as we utilize an ‘all of the above’ approach to meet our energy demands.” 

“Utah has a wealth of natural resources that make it an ideal location for clean energy innovation,” Rep. John Curtis (R-Utah), who launched the Conservative Climate Caucus, said in a statement, reported Choi for POLITICO.

“Hydrogen can, and should, play a large role in powering our society and I am appreciative of Secretary Granholm supporting this important project.”

Earlier announcement

The June 8 press release noted that the loan office in April had “announced a conditional commitment for a loan guarantee for Advanced Clean Energy Storage, which will be the first of this kind to a clean hydrogen company.”

The facility in Delta, Utah, will combine 220 megawatts of alkaline electrolysis with two massive 4.5 million barrel salt caverns to store clean hydrogen.

Advanced Clean Energy Storage will capture excess renewable energy when it is most abundant, store it as hydrogen, then deploy it as fuel for the Intermountain Power Agency’s (IPA) IPP Renewed Project — a hydrogen-capable gas turbine combined cycle power plant that intends to incrementally be fueled by 100% clean hydrogen by 2045.  

See two related posts on the Intermountain Power Project:

Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act connection

ACES Delta, the joint venture between Mitsubishi Power Americas and the real estate company, Magnum Development that will build and operate the hydrogen facility, refers to it as an energy storage hub or hydrogen hub.

Two days before the Energy Department announced the loan to ACES Delta, it announced the launch of a new program to fund at least four hydrogen hubs, a component of the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA) that it administers.

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today [June 6] released a Notice of Intent (NOI) to fund the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law’s [IIJA] $8 billion program to develop regional clean hydrogen hubs (H2Hubs) across America.

H2Hubs will create networks of hydrogen producers, consumers, and local connective infrastructure to accelerate the use of hydrogen as a clean energy carrier. The production, processing, delivery, storage, and end-use of clean hydrogen, including innovative uses in the industrial sector, is crucial to DOE’s strategy for achieving President Biden’s goal of a 100% clean electrical grid by 2035 and net-zero carbon emissions by 2050. 

Additional reading on the loan to the ACES Delta project: “DOE unveils $500M loan for massive ‘clean hydrogen’ project,”  04/27/2022, E&E News.

Planetizen posts on other programs funded by the IIJA and administered by the DOE include:

H.R.3684, the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, passed Congress on November 5, 2021 and was signed by President Biden ten days later.

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